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Have been working on setting up a server without a control panel with Apache and PHP-FPM, out of the gate I started getting Internal Server error messages, investigating the httpd error log revealed the following:
Permission denied: FastCGI: failed to connect to server "/usr/lib/cgi-bin/php5-fcgi": connect() failed
The fix turned out to be relatively simple, make the following changes to the www.conf file at /etc/php-fpm.d
listen.owner = apache listen.group = apache listen.mode = 0666
Restart apache and php-fpm and things should start to work
credits: ikben @ original thread